My work focuses on questions of identity and nation in the American West among Basque immigrants. I am especially interested in the ways that narratives of Basques as the mystery people of Europe have shaped Basque-American identities, and how those same narratives have influenced Basques’ employment opportunities, racial categorization, and national pride.

This research illuminates central themes of U.S. history, such as immigration and Whiteness. It also is a practical application of the narrative constitution of identity.


The Indians of Europe in America: Basque-Americans and Narratives of Identity in the American West, 1870-2019

“ ‘It has a way of getting in your blood when you’re Basque’: Basque Sheepherders, Race, and Labor, 1880-1959,” in Western Historical Quarterly, ed. Anne Hyde. (Oxford University Press, online)

“A Panther Among Lions: Iñaki Williams, Race, and Basque Identity at Athletic Club de Bilbao,” in Studia Iberica et Americana, ed. Mariann Vaczi and Enric Mallorquí-Ruscalleda. (California State University, Fullerton)

Women’s history

Race and ethnicity

History of the West

History of California

19th and 20th century U.S. history

Indigenous history

Global history of gender

History 159B: U.S. Women’s History, 1800-1900

Writing 2: Academic Writing

I am currently serving as the Assistant Review Editor for The Public Historian as well as the Project Coordinator for the California State Parks’ “Im/migration” History and Relevancy Program.