I am a professor in the History Department at the University of California, Santa Barbara where I research, write, and teach about the histories of technology and science.
My personal (non-UCSB) web page is here…
Research and Teaching Interests:
- Technology and science after 1945 (primarily US)
- “Emerging” technologies
- The intersections of art, technology, and science
- Technological communities
I have a new book titled Making Art Work (The MIT Press, 2020); it looks at art-technology collaborations during the 1960s-90s with the focus being the activities and experiences of the engineers and scientists who paired up with artists. Connected to this, I have a courtesy appointment with UCSB’s Media Arts and Technology program. I am also involved with several projects associated with the Getty Research Institute’s new Pacific Standard Time initiative which is focused on art and science.
I like to connect my historical research to contemporary issues associated with technology and science, including debates about the “future of work,” automation, and predictions of a “4th Industrial Revolution.” As part of this work, I have a new project called “READ-ME” (under contract with The MIT Press) in which I explore a series of popular books about computing. In other words, how did computing become known to the general public as computers transformed from “giant brains” to “everything machines”?
Finally, I maintain an interest in a number of topics including: science and technology in the Cold War; how scientists adopted new technologies including computers and data handling; the history of “emerging technologies”; and the broader intersection of technology, science, and popular culture in the 1960s and 1970s.
Making Art Work: How Cold War Engineers and Artists Forged a New Creative Culture is coming out in 2020 with The MIT Press). It explores collaborations between engineers and artists from the 1960s onward. It shows how the categories of art and technology (and artist vs. engineer) have blurred, changed, and transformed over the past half-century. Some reviews of Making Art Work are here, here, and here.
- Groovy Science: Science, Technology, and American Counterculture (Chicago, 2016). Co-edited with David Kaiser, this collection of essays challenges the idea that the counterculture was anti-science. Some reviews, etc. are here, here, and here. Our local NPR station also did a story on it.
- The Visioneers: How a Group of Elite Scientists Pursued Space Colonies, Nanotechnologies, and a Limitless Future (Princeton, 2013). Winner of 2014 Watson Davis and Helen Miles Davis Prize (History of Science Society) and the 2012 Eugene E. Emme Award for Astronautical Literature (American Astronautical Society).
- Keep Watching the Skies! The Story of Operation Moonwatch and the Dawn of the Space Age (Princeton University Press, 2008). My third book tells how citizen scientists helped track the world’s first satellites.
- Giant Telescopes: Astronomical Ambitions and the Promise of Technology, (Harvard University Press, 2004). This book was super-fun to research; I got to spend nights at major observatories in the U.S. and overseas.
- Glassmaking in Renaissance Venice: The Fragile Craft, (Ashgate Press, 1999). My first book presented the history of Venetian glassmaking from a consumer’s point of view and drew upon a rich array of material culture.
- “Art Out of Order: Jack Burnham, the 1970 ‘Software’ Show, and the Aesthetics of Information Systems,” forthcoming in Technology and Culture.
- “When Artists, Engineers, and Pepsi Collaborated, Then Clashed at the 1970 World’s Fair,” IEEE Spectrum, March 2020.
- “Fallout and Spinoff: Commercializing the Art-Technology Nexus,” in Hybrid Practices: Art in Collaboration with Science and Technology in the Long 1960s, David Cateforis, et al., eds. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2018), 61-78; this essay describes some of the intellectual property that engineer-artist collaborations produced.
- “The Biggest Data of All: Making and Sharing a Digital Universe,” in Data Histories, volume 32 of Osiris (2017): 243-263; continues story of astronomers’ interaction with Big Data.
- “Gravity and Geese,” Leonardo, 2017. Looks at German artist Agnes Meyer-Brandis & her connections to a 17th century science fiction story.
- “How Astronomers Digitized the Sky,” Technology and Culture 55, 4 (2014): 908-944. The title says it all…
- “’Globalization with Hardware’”: ITER’s Fusion of Technology, Policy, and Politics,” History and Technology, 26, 4 (2010): 281-310. Fusion scientists in Europe created a transnational research community as they planned their “next big machine.”
- “From Lab to iPod: A Story of Discovery and Commercialization in the Post-Cold War Era,” Technology and Culture, 50, 1 (2009): 58-81. How did a physics discovery made in 1988 end up in your iPod?
- “Amateur Scientists, the International Geophysical Year, and the Ambitions of Fred Whipple.” Isis 97, 4 (2006): 634-658.
Tells of the hurdles astronomer Fred Whipple overcame to persuade his colleagues that amateurs could contribute to the IGY.
- “Will Small Be Beautiful? Making Policies for Our Nanotech Future.” History and Technology 21, 2 (2005): 177-203.
This essay lays out the basic path for how the U.S. government decided to spend billions on nanotech research.
- A full list of my publications and other research activities can be found on my c.v.
My research informs my teaching. I offer a variety of undergraduate and graduate courses including:
- Science and the Modern World (History 20)
- Technology and the Modern World (History 22)
- The Atomic Age (History 105A)
- Histories of Information and Computing (106C)
- Machines, People, and Politics: Histories of Modern Technologies (History 109T)
In addition, I teach some more specialized small-enrollment undergraduate courses as well as graduate readings and research seminars.
Honors and Professional Activities:
- Distinguished Fellow, 2018-2019, Lemelson Center for Invention and Innovation, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
- Co-PI on grant from Canadian Institute for Advanced Research for 2018 workshop exploring societal dimensions of the “4th Industrial Revolution.”
- Lindbergh Chair, 2015-16, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
- 2014 Watson Davis and Helen Miles Davis Prize, History of Science Society for The Visioneers as best book that “promotes public understanding of the history of science.”
- Elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2011) and American Physical Society (2013)
- Eleanor Searle Visiting Professor, History of Science, California Institute of Technology, 2011-12.
- Collaborative Research Fellowship (2010-2011) from the American Council of Learned Societies.
- Senior Research Fellow, Institut Méditerranéen de Recherches Avancées; 2010.
- Co-Principal Investigator for UCSB’s Center for Nanotechnology in Society. The CNS was a ten year, multi-million dollar initiative (2016-2016) funded by the National Science Foundation that supported interdisciplinary research on emerging technologies. My working group’s final report is here.
- I am currently on the editorial boards of Isis, Osiris and Technology and Culture.
In the News
- A new documentary about Stewart Brand appeared in 2021. I reviewed it for Science.
- 2020 showed us how we would all have to master the art of survival. This essay for Aeon explored how artists Helen and Newton Harrison made survival pieces in the 1970s.
- In 2019, historians noted the 50th anniversary of the Apollo moon landing and the Woodstock festival. Dave Kaiser and I wrote an essay for Science about the era’s turn toward “groovy science.”
- 2019 also marked the 60th anniversary of C.P. Snow’s classic The Two Cultures. I wrote a short essay about it for Science.
- Occasionally, I write for the Los Angeles Review of Books. Some essays include:
- From 2021, a essay about the supposed demise of the independent inventor
- From 2021, looking for and finding the hidden people who make Silicon Valley work.
- A 2020 essay on the ill-fated “One Laptop Per Child Program”
- Thoughts on a recent history of Silicon Valley
- An essay/review from 2018 on science’s “freedom fighters”
- A critique of Silicon Valley’s obsession with immortality.
- Buckminster Fuller: Cold War design maven or huckster?
- I wrote an essay in 2016 about the “cult of innovation” & the need to re-think our histories of technology for Aeon which got some airtime.
- In 2016-2018, the World Economic Forum invited me to Davos, Switzerland and Tianjin, China to talk about science, technology, and innovation. Some coverage of this is here, here, and here.
- The podcast series 99% Invisible used some of my Visioneers book as the basis for a June 2016 episode.
- Some other things written for non-academic venues:
- Science Friday invited me to do some live radio in 2015 and 2016; links are here and here.