I teach courses on the history of Western civilization, modern Europe, warfare, the writings of George Orwell, and historical writing. I write about war.

  • The Politics of Educational Reform in France, 1918-1940
    Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969
  • The War Without A Name; France in Algeria, 1954-1962
    New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980
  • The Pen-and-Ink Sailor: Sir Charles Middleton and the King’s Navy, 1778-1813
    London: Frank Cass, 1998
  • Europe, 1945 to the Present
    New York: Oxford University Press, 2005
  • “Soldiers, Psychiatrists, and Combat Trauma,”
    Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 27:3 (Winter 1997), 437-54.
  • National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, Institute for Advanced Study, 1975-76
  • University of California President’s Fellow in the Humanities, 1993-94
  • American Council of Learned Societies Fellow in the Humanities, 1993-94
  • John T. and Catherine D. MacArthur Foundation Fellow 1994-1996